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What is strabismus?

Strabismus is any misalignment of the eyes. With two eyes that are not aligned properly, amblyopia (a lazy eye) can develop. Amblyopia occurs when the affected eye displays weaker vision. This condition is most prevalent in young children, but can also affect children of older ages.

Normal vision occurs when the eyes focus simultaneously in one direction only. Then, the brain processes these pictures produced from each eye into a single, three-dimensional image. This process enables a child to perceive depth. Parents need to take their children to see a paediatric eye doctor if a squint is present after six months of age.

What are the signs of strabismus in children?

A child’s eyes may not appear to look in a single direction. They may also turn their heads to one side to see properly. Usually, the eyes fail to move collectively, appearing out of sync. Another sign of strabismus includes a child keeping one eye open while the other remains closed.

How do we treat strabismus (squint)?

Corrective eyewear can sometimes help treat an eye condition such as strabismus. There is also a surgical corrective option to help realign the muscles if glasses do not work. At the Atlantic Eye Centre, we discuss all corrective options with parents, deciding on the most suitable form of treatment to improve the appearance of strabismus, as well as preventing amblyopia.

When should you treat strabismus?

Treatment for strabismus depends on the child’s medical history, cause of the condition, the parent’s preference and history of medications or therapies. Eyeglasses, eye drops, eye patching and eye muscle strength training exercises are forms of treatment for strabismus.

Treating amblyopia in children should occur as soon as possible to correct their vision and prevent further deterioration.


“Vision is the true creative rhythm”

- Robert Delaunay